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30.11.2021, . 11:08


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Chapter II. Electoral Districts and Electoral Precincts

Article 12. Formation of Single-Mandate Electoral Districts

Article 13. Federal Electoral District

Article 14. Formation of Electoral Precincts


Article 12. Formation of Single-Mandate Electoral Districts

1. In order to conduct the election of deputies of the State Duma in single-mandate electoral districts 225 single-mandate electoral districts shall be formed in the territory of the Russian Federation on the basis of the data submitted to the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation by the executive bodies of state power of Subjects of the Russian Federation concerning the number of voters registered in accordance with the requirements of Article 17 of the Federal Law On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right of Citizens of the Russian Federation to Participate in a Referendum in the territories of the Subjects of the Russian Federation.

2. Voters residing outside the territory of the Russian Federation shall be included in single-mandate electoral districts formed in the territory of the Russian Federation. The information concerning the number of voters registered outside the territory of the Russian Federation in accordance with the requirements of Article 17 of the Federal Law On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right of Citizens of the Russian Federation to Participate in a Referendum shall be submitted to the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. The number of voters in the district in which voters residing outside the territory of the Russian Federation are to be included shall be less than the single quota of voter representation. The number of additional voters included in a single-mandate electoral district shall not exceed 10 percent of the number of voters registered in the territory of the given single-mandate electoral district.

3. Single-mandate electoral districts shall be formed in accordance with the following requirements:

(a) single-mandate electoral districts shall be approximately equal in the number of voters registered in their territories, with a permissible deviation from the average voter representation quota within one Subject of the Russian Federation not exceeding 10 percent, and in hard-to reach and remote regions not exceeding 15 percent. The list of hard-to-reach and remote regions shall be established by a law of a Subject of the Russian Federation that came into force not later than the day of official publication of the decision to call the election;

(b) formation of single-mandate electoral districts in non-adjacent territories within the territory of one Subject of the Russian Federation shall not be allowed unless a part of the territory of the given Subject of the Russian Federation is located within the territory of another Subject of the Russian Federation;

(c) formation of a single-mandate electoral district in the territory of two and more Subjects of the Russian Federation shall not be allowed;

(d) at least one single-mandate electoral district shall be formed in the territory of each Subject of the Russian Federation;

(e) single-mandate electoral districts shall be distributed between Subjects of the Russian Federation so as to ensure as far as possible equal representation in the State Duma of the voters residing in different Subjects of the Russian Federation, with due consideration being given to Subclauses c and d above.

4. The requirements to the formation of single-mandate electoral districts set forth in Clause 2 of this Article shall be met with due regard to the administrative-territorial (division) of a Subject of the Russian Federation, boundaries of municipal units.

5. Based on the voter data obtained in accordance with the Regulation on the State System for Registration of Voters, Referendum Participants approved by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation the Central Election Commission shall prepare a scheme of the formation of single-mandate electoral districts and not later than 200 days before expiration of the constitutional period for which the State Duma of the current convocation has been elected shall submit this scheme and its graphical representation to the State Duma. The scheme of the formation of single-mandate electoral districts shall indicate:

(a) the name and number of each single-mandate electoral district;

(b) the list of administrative-territorial units or municipal units at the level of cities, raions, city precincts or at the corresponding level comprised in each single-mandate electoral district. If a single-mandate electoral district includes a part of the territory of an administrative-territorial unit, municipal unit or a populated center, the scheme shall indicate the boundaries of this part of the administrative-territorial unit, municipal unit or populated center. If the territory of a Subject of the Russian Federation forms one single-mandate electoral district, the list of administrative-territorial units or municipal units comprised in this single-mandate electoral district shall not be attached to the scheme of single-mandate electoral districts;

(c) the center of each single-mandate electoral district;

(d) the number of voters registered in each single-mandate electoral district and, if more than one single-mandate electoral district have been formed in the territory of a Subject of the Russian Federation, the number of voters registered in each administrative-territorial unit or municipal unit (or a part thereof) comprised in each single-mandate electoral district;

(e) the number of voters included in various single-mandate electoral districts in accordance with Clause 2 of this Article and the names of the foreign states where the voters reside.

6. Single-mandate electoral districts may be formed and their scheme determined with the use of the state automated information system.

7. The scheme of single-mandate electoral districts including its graphical representation shall be approved by a federal law which shall be published (made public) not later than 100 days prior to voting day.

8. If the federal law indicated in Clause 7 of this Article including the scheme of single-mandate electoral districts has not been published (made public) within the period established by Clause 7 of this Article, the election of deputies of the State Duma of the new convocation shall be conducted in single-mandate electoral districts whose scheme was used in the election of the State Duma of the previous convocation. In this case, the former scheme of the single-mandate electoral districts shall be published (made public) by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation not later than 98 days prior to voting day.

Article 13. Federal Electoral District

The federal electoral district wherein deputies of the State Duma are elected in proportion to the number of votes cast for the federal lists of candidates nominated by electoral associations, electoral blocs shall comprise the entire territory of the Russian Federation. Voters included in single-mandate electoral districts in accordance with Clause 2 of Article 12 of this Federal Law shall be regarded as having been included in the federal electoral district as well.

Article 14. Formation of Electoral Precincts

1. To conduct voting and count votes in the election of deputies of the State Duma electoral precincts shall be formed on the basis of the number of voters registered in accordance with the requirements of Article 17 of the Federal Law On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right of Citizens of the Russian Federation to Participate in a Referendum in the territories of municipal units.

2. Electoral precincts shall be formed by the head of a municipal unit (if the charter of the municipal unit does not provide for an office of municipal unit head, by a person authorized to do so by a representative body of local self-government) with the concurrence of an appropriate district election commission, not later than 30 days prior to voting day with due regard to local and other conditions and proceeding from the need to provide maximum convenience for voters.

3. Formation of electoral precincts shall meet the following requirements: the number of voters registered in the territory of each electoral precinct shall not exceed 3,000; the boundaries of electoral precincts shall not cross the boundaries of electoral districts.

4. In places of temporary stay of voters (in hospitals, sanatoria, rest homes and other places of temporary stay), in hard-to-reach or remote regions, on ships which are at sea on voting day and at polar stations electoral precincts may be formed within the period indicated in Clause 2 of this Article, and, in exceptional cases, not later than five days prior to voting day. Such electoral precincts shall be included in single-mandate electoral districts on the basis of their location or at the place of the ship's registration.

5. Servicemen shall vote in common electoral precincts. By way of exception, electoral precincts may be formed in the territory of military units stationed in isolated localities far from populated centers. In such case, electoral precincts shall be formed by commanders of military units on the basis of a decision of the appropriate district election commission within the period indicated in Clause 2 of this Article and in exceptional cases not later than five days prior to voting day. In this case, access to the premises of the election commission and to the voting premises shall be provided to all members of the precinct election commission and higher election commissions, registered candidates and their agents, agents and authorized representatives of electoral associations, electoral blocs, observers, in a procedure established by this Federal Law.

6. To conduct voting and count the votes of voters who, on voting day, stay in the territory of a foreign state, the heads of diplomatic and consular missions of the Russian Federation shall form electoral precincts in the territory of the country of their stay not later than 30 days prior to voting day. In this case, the requirements to the number of registered voters set forth in Clause 3 of this Article may be waived.

7. Lists of electoral precincts indicating their numbers and boundaries (if an electoral precinct includes a part of the territory of a populated center) or the list of populated centers (if an electoral precinct is formed in the territory of several populated centers), location of the premises of the precinct election commissions and the voting premises, telephone numbers of precinct election commissions shall be published by the head of a municipal unit (and, if the charter of the municipal unit does not provide for an office of municipal unit head, by an official authorized to do so by the representative body of local self-government) not later than 25 days prior to voting day. Information concerning electoral precincts formed after the deadline indicated in Clause 2 of this Article shall be published within three days upon their formation.

8. The matters relating to the publication of the data specified in Clause 7 of this Article concerning electoral precincts formed outside the territory of the Russian Federation shall be decided by the heads of the corresponding diplomatic or consular missions of the Russian Federation, with due regard to the local conditions.

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