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06.04.2020, . 18:46

Election Schedule - A Quick Reference Guide for the Election of the President of the Russian Federation

26 March 2000

Note: The references and deadlines on this calendar are based the new Presidential Law which was enacted by the Federation Council the last week of December, 1999 and signed into law by President Boris Yeltsin before his resignation on 31 December 1999. Presidential elections are expected to be held on Sunday, 26 March 2000, as a result of these events. Article 5, Section 4, of the Presidential law indicates that the Federation Council shall, within 14 days of the resignation (13 January 2000), call for an early election. It should be noted that based on Article 5, Section 6 of the law, "the periods for the performance of electoral actions established by this Federal Law shall be reduced by one fourth." Thus, the deadlines/days/dates indicated on this calendar are based on such reduction. Any fraction of a day of .5 or above has been rounded up; any less than .5 has been rounded down. Any final interpretation of deadlines/days/dates will be made by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation.

This Draft Election Calendar is intended to serve only as a quick reference guide. The information and descriptions of the deadlines and election activities provided in this calendar have been abbreviated and are not intended to represent the full text or requirements of the relevant laws. To gain a thorough and accurate understanding of the legal requirements, readers should refer to the actual laws and to the regulations and instructions issued by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation.

Deadline:
#Of Days:
Before/After Election Day
(date relative to 26 March 2000)

Days Required before 25% reduction

Activity
[days required before the 25% reduction shown in brackets]

Responsible Entity

Authority

"On the Election of the President of the Russian Federation"1

"On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights"2

274 days prior

(26 June 1999)

365 days

A political public association or modification to obtain status of a public political association shall be registered with the Ministry of Justice to qualify for participation in presidential election.

Ministry of Justice

Article 28.1,2

Article 2

Within 14 days of the resignation of the President of the Federation

(13 January 2000)

The Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation issues a decree calling for an early election of the President on the last Sunday before 90 days after the resignation.3

Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation

Article 5.4

Article 10.1

8 days after the official publication of the decree calling for election

10 days

Provide funds to CEC for preparation and conduct of election.

Publish list of all media to be used in the presidential campaign.

The period of nomination of candidates begins.

The nomination of candidate directly by voters submit an application for registration of an initiative voters group.

The CEC has 4 [5] days to register the initiative voters group. If the application is refused, an appeal to the court shall adjudicate within 2 [3] days.

Nomination of candidate by electoral association/block shall submit the decisions of the congress of the association/bloc on the nomination of a person for candidacy. The CEC has 5 [7] days to register the nomination. If refused, an appeal to the court shall adjudicate within 2 [3] days.

Federal Budget

The CEC & SEC

Article 54.2

Article 47.3, 4

Article 34

Article 33

Article 34

Article 28.3

Article 29

Article 30

No later than 71 days prior

(14 January 2000)

95 days

Public mass media organizations must reserve paid air time and space for campaigning and make public their tariffs: they must be the same and available for everyone.

Mass Media

Article 48.4

Article 40.3

No later than 68 days prior

(17 January 2000)

90 days

CEC to remit funds to SEC for preparation and conduct of election.

CEC

Article 54.5

 

Not earlier than 60 days nor later than 45 days prior

(25 January -

9 February 2000)

80 days

60 days

Documents required for registration and the first financial report shall be submitted to the CEC.

Upon acceptance of application the CEC has 8 [10] days to register or reject the candidate.

Candidates/Election associations, blocs

CEC

Article 37.1

Article 38.2

Article 32

 

Within 24 hours after a decision was taken to refuse registration of a candidate the CEC shall issue a copy of the decision.

CEC

Article 39.3

Article 32.9

 

Appeal of a decision to register a candidate must be heard within four [five] days of the decision.

Supreme Court

Article 39.6

 

No later than 60 days prior

(25 January 2000)

80 days

The list of Territorial Election Commissions approved.

Within 2 [3] days of approval, submit list to local government and publish in the mass media.

SEC

with approval of CEC

SEC

Article 14.1

 

Not earlier than 53 days and not later

than 45 days prior

(Between 2 February and 9 February 2000)

70 days

60 days

Formation of Territorial Electoral Commission (TEC) consisting of 5 to 9 members appointed by the representative bodies of local self-government, in part on the basis of recommendations by electoral commissions/bloc, public associations and others.

First meeting of TEC within 2 [3] days of formation.

Representative bodies of local government

TEC

Article 14.1

Article 23.3

Article 23.2

No later than 45 days prior to Voting Day

(9 February 2000)

60 days

Voter data compiled and updated and submitted to TEC

Approval of form of Absentee Certificates and requirements of printing.

Local Administration

CEC

Article 25.7

Article 64.1

 

36 days prior

(18 February 2000)

50 days

Less than 2 candidates register, CEC postpone elections for 45 [60] days.

CEC

Article 39.8

 

34 days prior and

ends 1 day prior

(20 February -

24 March 2000)

45 days

Campaigning in state and municipal publications commences.

 

Article 48.5

 

34 to 19 days prior

(20 February -

7 March 2000)

45 to 25 days

Voters can apply for absentee certificate at the TEC.

Voters

Article 64.2

 

Not later than

30 days prior

(24 February 2000)

40 days

SEC remit funds to TEC for the conduct of election.

Money allocated to registered candidates.

SEC

CEC

Article 54.5

Article 55.2 (d)

 

Not later than

26 days prior

(28 February 2000)

Not later than 26 days prior and

Ending 1 day prior

(26 February -

24 March 2000)

35 days

35 days

Procedure for printing of ballots approved.

Campaigning on state and municipal TV and Radio.

CEC

Article 63.1

Article 48.5

 

Not later than

24 days prior

(1 March 2000)

32 days

Form and text of ballots approved.

CEC

Article 63.2

Article 51.3

Not later than

23 days prior

(2 March 2000)

30 days

Electoral precincts formed.

Designate and equip special places to display printed election material within the territory of each precinct.

2 [3] days after the formation of electoral precinct, Precinct Election Commissions (PEC) shall be formed consisting of 3 to 15 members appointed by the representative bodies of local self-government, in part on the basis of recommendations by electoral commissions/bloc, public associations and others.

Head of municipal unit, Head of Diplomatic Missions

Bodies of local government

Local self-government

Article 24.2

Article 24.6

Article 52.6

Article 14.2-4

Article 14.10

Article 20.7

Article 23.7

Not later than

20 days prior

(5 March 2000)

26 days

Voter lists compiled based on voter data furnished by head of municipal unit.

TEC/municipal units

Article 25.2

 

Not later than

19 days prior

(7 March 2000)

25 days

PEC forms voter lists in remote regions, territory of military unit, outside territory of the Russian Federation.

Voter lists published with boundaries and numbers of voters.

Voter lists furnished to PEC along list of issued Absentee Certificates.

Last day for voters to obtain Absentee Certificates from TEC.

PEC

Head of municipal unit

TEC

Article 25.3-6

Article 24.7

Article 64.4

Article 64.2

Article 18.11

18 days prior

to 1 day prior

(8 March 2000 -

25 March 2000)

24 days

Absentee Certificates available at PEC.

PEC

Article 64.2

 

Not later than

17 days prior

(8 March 2000)

22 days

Ballots shall be printed by decision of CEC.

CEC

Article 63.7

Article 51.9

Not later than

15 days prior

(10 March 2000)

20 days

Voter lists made public for examination and corrections.

CEC informed about Electoral Precincts formed outside the Russian federation.

Ballots transferred to TEC.

PEC

Heads of diplomatic missions

SEC

Article 27.1

Article 24.6

Article 63.9

Article 18.13

Article 51.13

Not later than

12 days prior

(13 March 2000)

16 days

Annulment of registration of candidates for inaccuracy of essential information from 15 days prior to day prior courts annul registration of candidates.

CEC

Article 39.5

 

Not earlier than

11 days prior

(14 March 2000)

Not later than

11 days prior

(14 March 2000)

Not later than

7 days prior

(18 March 2000)

15 days

15 days

10 days

Early voting may be allowed in one of several electoral precincts in ships at sea on voting day, at polar stations, in other remote and hard to reach areas.

Information displayed on registered candidates.

Second campaign finance report due. Made available to mass media within 5 days upon receipt.

SEC

TEC

Candidates

CEC

Article 66.1

Article 39.7

Articles 58.2 (b), 58.4

Article 53

During 4 days prior to and on Voting Day

(21 March - 26 March 2000)

5 days

Provide necessary equipment and materials to election commissions.

Provide free air time and to publish information to communicate information to the voters.

State bodies, institutions, and their officials

Mass media

Article 12.7,8

 

Not later than

4 days prior

(21 March 2000)

5 days

A registered candidate may at any time but not later than 4 [5] days prior to voting day , withdraw his candidature by submitting written application to CEC. Within 24 hours the CEC shall annul registration of candidate.

Candidate

CEC

Article 43.2

 

Not later than

4 days prior

(21 March 2000)

5 days

Last day to form precinct in hard to reach or remote regions and where voters reside temporarily.

Head of municipal unit or by a person authorized

Article 24.4

Article 24.5

Article 20.5

Not later than

3 days prior

(22 March 2000)

4 days

Ballots transferred to PEC.

TEC

Article 63.9

Article 52.13

Not later than

2 days prior

(23 March 2000)

3 days

Mass media shall not publish any information about the results of public opinion polls and forecasts concerning results of the election.

Mass media

Article 46.3

Article 38.5

2 days prior

(23 March 2000)

2 days

Free mass media access ends for all registered candidates.

Not later than 3 days after formation of precincts in remote regions and hard to reach locations, numbers and boundaries shall be published.

Electronic and print media

Officials authorized to do so

Article 48.5

Article 24.7

 

1 day prior

25 March 2000)

0:00 hours local time the election campaign ends.

Last day a voter can apply for use of an absentee certificate.

Candidates

Voter

Article 45.1

Article 64.2

Article 38.1

Voting day

(26 March 2000)

Voting open from 8:00 to 21:00 local time.

Voters who do not appear on voters list may apply in writing to PEC to be added to list and obtain a decision within 2 hours; the decision may be appealed to a higher election commission or to a court.

PEC

Voters, PEC

Article 65.1

Article 27.3

 

Not later than 2 days after

(28 March 2000)

A TEC shall determine the election results for the given territory by adding up all data contained in the protocols.

TEC

Article 70.1

 

Not later than 3 days after

(29 March 2000)

4 days

A SEC shall determine the election Results for the given subject by adding up all protocols from the territories.

SEC

Article 71.1

 

Within 24 hours after election results are determined

Mass media notified of official results.

A registered candidate shall be elected if he/she received more than a half of the votes cast by the voters who took place in the election.

CEC

Article 72.13

Article 72.3

 

Within 11 days

of voting day

(6 April 2000)

14 days

Publish the data contained in the protocols of voting returns of all TEC and PEC in regional state run periodicals.

SEC

Article 75.3

 

Not later than 16 days after voting day

(11 April 2000)

21 days

Publish results of election providing number of votes for each candidate The number of votes cast against all candidates.

CEC

Article 75.4

 

Within 23 days

after voting day

(18 April 2000)

30 days

Registered candidate who meets 3% requirement returns unspent money to CEC and registered candidates who do not meet 3% requirement return full amount of money received to CEC.

Candidates

Article 59.4

 

Within 45 days

after voting day

(10 May 2000)

60 days

Publish in its official bulletin the information about voting returns and results of all election commissions.

CEC

Article 75.5

 

Not later than 16 days after results issued

(11 April 2000

election held on

9 April 2000)

21 days

Repeat voting shall be held between the two candidates receiving the most votes if none received 50% of the votes cast and if at least 50% of the voters participated in the election.

CEC

Article 73.1,2

 

Not later than 2 days after determination by CEC of need for repeat voting

Publish in mass media that repeat voting will take place.

CEC

Article 73.2

 

6 days prior to

repeat voting

day ends

to 1 day prior to repeat voting day

8 days

In the event of repeat voting campaigning on TV, Radio, and in periodicals commences.

Mass media

Article 48.6

 

Not later than 90 days after initial election

(24 June 2000)

Not later than 68 days after initial election

(2 June 2000)

120 days

90 days

Repeat election, if needed because initial election was declared null and void, or on or by the day of repeat voting, both registered candidates withdrew their candidacies, or if neither were elected at the first repeat voting election.

CEC

Article 74.2

 

Within 2 days after official publication of results

3 days

Notify registered candidates who do not meet 3% requirement to return funds to CEC.

CEC

Article 59.5

 

Not later than 4 days after decision declaring election not to have taken place

5 days

Announcement about repeat election published in mass media.

CEC

Article 74.2

 

General results 8 days after official results published

10 days

Termination of powers of PEC after official publication of the election results if no protests or statement have been received by a higher commission.

 

Article 20.2

Article 23.13

11 days after official results published

15 days

The terms and powers of a TEC expire if no complaints and protests have been received by a higher commission.

 

Article 19.2

Article 23.12

23 days after official results published

30 days

Powers of non-voting members of a parliament election commission shall terminate except for members appointed by the winning candidate who serve until next presidential election.

The final financial campaign finance report is due.

Inauguration of President.

Candidates

Article 16.14

Article 58.2

Article 78

 

1 Federal Law "On the Election of the President of the Russian Federation", dated 31 December 1999.

2 Federal Law "On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and Right of Citizens of the RF to Participate in a Referendum", dated September 19, 1997 and as amended March 30, 1999.

3 If the Federation Council fails to set an election date within the 14 days, the Central Election Commission shall conduct an election "on the 1st or 2nd Sunday after 90 days from the resignation "(Article 5.5 of the Presidential Law).







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