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22.10.2020, . 22:13


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Chapter V. Rights and Obligations of a Political Party

Article 26. Rights of a Political Party

Article 27. Obligations of a Political Party

Article 28. Property of a Political Party

Article 29. Funds of a Political Party

Article 30. Donations to a Political Party and Its Regional Branches

Article 31. Economic Activity of a Political Party


Article 26. Rights of a Political Party

Subject to the Russian Federation laws a political party may:

a) freely disseminate information on its activity, propagandize its views, objectives and goals;
b) participate in the preparation of decisions of bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government in the procedure and within the scope established by this Federal Law and other laws;
c) participate in elections and referenda subject to the Russian Federation laws;
d) create regional, local and primary branches, including such branches with the status of a legal entity, take decisions on their reorganization and liquidation;
e) organize and hold meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches, picketing and other public events;
f) found publishing houses, news agencies, print shops, mass media and educational institutions for additional adult education;
g) make use of state and municipal mass media on equal terms;
h) form associations and unions with other political parties and other public associations without formation of a legal entity;
i) defend its rights and represent the legitimate interests of its members;
j) establish and maintain international ties with political parties and other public associations of foreign states, join international unions and associations;
k) carry on business activity subject to the Russian Federation laws and its statutes.

A political party may engage in other activities specified by the Russian Federation laws.

Article 27. Obligations of a Political Party

1. A political party shall:

a) carry on its activity in compliance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, federal laws and other statutory legal acts of the Russian Federation and the party statutes;
b) every year submit to the registration authorities the information about the number of its members in each of its regional branches, about continuation of its activity and the location of its permanent leading body and present the copies of the following financial documents filed with the tax authorities of the Russian Federation: the consolidated financial statement of the political party and the financial statements (accounting reports) of its regional branches and other structural subdivisions with the status of a legal entity (hereafter "registered structural subdivisions);
c) admit representatives of registration authorities to public events (including congresses, conferences or general meetings) held by the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions;
d) notify in advance the election commission of the appropriate level about organization of events connected with the nomination of its candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government and admit representatives of the election commission of the appropriate level to these events.

2. Every year, a political party and its regional branches shall submit to the registration authorities the information about the number of registered candidates for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government, nominated by the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions (including such nominations made within an election bloc) and also the information about the lists of candidates for deputies registered by election commissions. This information shall be submitted in the form of a copy of the protocol of election results certified by the election commission of the appropriate level.

Article 28. Property of a Political Party

1. A political party may own any property necessary to provide for its activity under this Federal Law and the statutes of the political party.

2. The owner of the property of a political party, including the property of its regional branches and other structural subdivisions, shall be the political party as a whole. Members of a political party shall have no rights to the property of the political party. Regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions of a political party shall exercise the right of operational management of the property assigned to them by the owner and shall have their independent balance sheets or budgets.

3. The property of a political party shall be used only to achieve the objectives and goals set out in its statutes.

4. Regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions of a political party shall be liable for their obligations with their property. If they run short of such property, the political party shall be held vicariously liable for the obligations of its regional branches or other registered structural subdivisions.

5. The responsibility for the financial activity of a political party, its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions shall rest with the authorized persons appointed in conformity with the statutes of the political party.

Article 29. Funds of a Political Party

1. The funds of a political party shall be formed from:

a) admission and membership dues, if their payment is provided for by the statutes of the political party;
b) allocations from the federal budget provided in conformity with this Federal Law;
c) donations;
d) receipts from the events, organized by the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions, and revenues from the business activity;
e) receipts from civil-law transactions;
f) other receipts not prohibited by law.

2. The funds of a political party shall be deposited in the accounts at credit institutions registered in the territory of the Russian Federation. A political party, its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions may each have only one settlement account.

Article 30. Donations to a Political Party and Its Regional Branches

1. A political party and its regional branches may accept donations in the form of money and other property from individuals and legal entities, provided these donations are duly documented and their source is indicated.

2. Donations to a political party and its regional branches in the form of money shall be made by means of non-cash transfers. Individuals shall be allowed to make cash donations to a political party and its regional branches. The total amount of annual cash donations from a single individual shall not exceed ten times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the donations are made.

3. No donations to a political party and its regional branches shall be accepted from:

a) foreign states and foreign legal entities;
b) foreign nationals;
c) stateless persons;
d) citizens of the Russian Federation under 18 years of age;
e) Russian legal entities with foreign participation, if the foreign stake in their authorized capital exceeds 30 percent as of the date on which the donation is made (for open joint-stock companies - as of the date of the list of shareholders for the previous year);
f) international organizations and international public movements;
g) bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government;
h) state and municipal organizations;
i) legal entities with an authorized capital wherein the state or municipal stake exceeds 30 per cent as of the date on which the is donation is made;
j) military units, military organizations, law enforcement agencies;
k) charitable institutions, religious associations and organizations founded by them;
l) anonymous donors;
m) legal entities registered less than one year prior to the date on which the donation is made.

4. The donations indicated in Clause 3 of this Article as well as donations in excess of the amount indicated in Clause 9 of this Article shall be returned to the donors by a political party or its regional branch within a month of the date on which they were received or, should it be impossible to do so, they shall be transferred to the budget revenues of the Russian Federation.

5. A legal entity donating money to a political party or its regional branch shall transfer the money to the account of the political party or its regional branch at a credit institution, indicating the information required under the rules of non-cash settlements established for legal entities and shall make a note in the payment order indicating that the donation does not come within the restrictions on donations imposed by Clause 3 of this Article.

6. A citizen of the Russian Federation donating money to a political party or its regional branch shall transfer the money to the account of the political party or its regional branch at a credit institution personally from his own funds by producing a passport or an equivalent identity paper and shall indicate his full name and date of birth in the payment order or the money transfer. If a citizen of the Russian Federation makes a cash donation to a political party or its regional branch as provided in Clause 2 of this Article, the full name and date of birth of the donor shall be indicated in the credit slip.

7. If a donation is made in kind, a political party or its regional branch shall assess its value in money in conformity with the Russian Federation laws and shall enter the relevant information, including the information about the donor specified Clauses 5 and 6 of this Article, in the consolidated financial statement of the political party or the financial statement of its regional branch.

8. The amount of donations received by a political party, including donations to its regional branches, from one legal entity within one calendar year shall not exceed one hundred thousand times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the donations were made. The amount of donations received by a political party, including donations to its regional branch, from one individual within one calendar year shall not exceed ten thousand times the minimum wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the donations were made.

9. The total amount of annual donations received by a political party or its regional branch shall not exceed ten million times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the accounting year. The amount of annual donations received by a regional branch of the political party shall not exceed two hundred thousand times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the accounting year.

Article 31. Economic Activity of a Political Party

1. A political party shall be independent in dealing with economic aspects of its activity, including labor remuneration, business activity, receipt and disposition of funds and of other property.

2. Employees of the apparatus of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions, working under a labor contract, shall be covered by the Russian Federation laws on labor and social insurance.

A political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions may conclude contracts with the employees of the party apparatus for a term not exceeding the term of office of the leading bodies of the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions.

3. To create financial and material conditions for achieving the objectives and goals set out in the statutes and the program of a political party, the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions may conduct the following types of business activity:

a) information, advertising, publishing and printing activities aimed to propagandize their views, objectives, goals and to publicize the results of their activities;
b) production and sale of souvenirs with the symbols and/or the name of the political party and production and sale of books and printed materials;
c) sale and leasing of movable and immovable property owned by the political party;

4. A political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall not engage in any kinds of business activity other than those listed in Clause 3 of this Article.

5. The revenues from the business activity of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall not be distributed among the members of the political party and shall be used only for the purposes stipulated in its statutes.

6. The results of the economic activity of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall be shown in the consolidated financial statement of the political party and the financial statements of its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions.

7. A political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall may engage in charitable activity.


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